The Kendra has implemented several Scheme/Programmes sponsored by District/State/Central Government apart from the ICAR Programme during last 30 years. The total cost of this project over 5 cores. Details are as under:
|S.N.||Funding Agency||Duration||Name of Programme|
|1||Ministry of Rural Development||1981 - 1982 to 1983 - 1984||Fisheries & Dairy Development|
|2||DRDA, Sultanpur||1985 - 1986 to 1994 - 1995||Development of Rural Women through various income generation activities by organizing group & facilitating through ensured backward/forward villages with special thought on child care.|
|3||DRDA, Sultanpur||1985 - 1986 to 1994 - 1995||Reclamation of problem land (eroded and sodic soil), Plantation under NREP & RLEGP, watershed management under Water Technology Mission.|
|4||UNICEF||1985 - 1992||Training for Women & Child Care|
|5||Government of Nederland Assisted and sponsored by U.P. Irrigation Department.||1986 - 1987 to 1993||Participatory management of Water and Crop production under Indo-Dutch tube well Project.|
|6||UPBSN, Lucknow||1996 - 1997, 2007 - 2008, 2009 - 2010||Participatory management for motivation, mobilization, formation of SHG, Farmers School, Linkages with Bank, Convergence, Training-OFD, Reclamation, Crop Management, Soil Testing.|
|7||CIMAP, Lucknow||2006||Integrated Pest management for major crops.|
|8||Irrigation Department||2006 - 2007||Training to the Beneficiaries of WSREP|
|9||Deptt. of Agriculture, Sultanpur||2004 - 2005 to 2007 - 2008||Training to the Extension functionaries, Kisan Mitraa and Pragatisheel Krishak of the district.|
|10||IFFCO, Foundation Ghazipur (U.P.)||2007 - 2008||Planting of mango under area expansion activities in the district Sultanpur and establishment of nursery for self employment.|
|11||Seed Village Programme DAC, Ministry of Agriculture Govt. of India.||2007 - 2010||Seed Production Technology for rice and wheat on 900 farmer’s field covering an area of 450 acre.|
|12||DASP (Horticulture)||2008 - 2011||Training & Workshop|
|13||NHM (Horticulture) Deptt.||2008 - 2009||Training of Beneficiaries|
|14||Sunehara India, Lucknow||2009 - 2012||Training & Infrastructural Development|
To provide low cost quality seed to the farmers, the organization has started seed production programme under Seed Village with financial support of Deptt. Of Agriculture and Cooperation, Govt. of India, Ministry of Agriculture. Seed production of rice and wheat was implemented in 2008-09 and 900 farmers of 14 villages were selected for the purpose . The total coverage of the area was 450 acres. In coming year the number and area will be double with some additional crop of the popular seeds.
|Crops||Variety||No. of Farmers||Area (ha)||Production|
|Paddy||NDR - 059, MTV - 2029, NDR - 97, S - 52||1361||267.90||12807.73|
|Wheat||UP - 2382, PBW - 343, HUW - 234, PBW - 154, PBW - 502||4050||810.00||38581.08|
|Pigeon Pea||NA-1, NA-2, Preetam||420||84.00||1346.00|
|Lentil||DPL - 62||200||40.00||640.00|
The KVK has established a well equipped workshop for developing prototype implements, modification and improvement of locally developed implements to minimize the drudgery as well as designing and edeveloping improved implements. The KVK has a developed a bullock drawn leveler with a capacity of 0.3 m3 soil which can be operated by all kind of bullocks. The leveler can be fabricated by local artisans very easily by investing Rs. 500/- As per needs of the farmers, KVK has also demonstrated power reaper, potato planter, ferti - seed drill and other manually operated small implements on farmers field.
Social forestry programme was undertaken on community land in the year 1985 with financial support of District Rural Development Agency, Sultanpur. Under this programme about 60 ha. Wasteland at five locations have been covered by planting of fuel, fodder and timber tree species.
Watershed development programme was initiated in village Itkauli and Sirwana in the year 1988. Under this programme, a seasonal nala have been tamed by construction of check dams at frequent intervals and planting of trees on embankments to check the loss of soil. and rain water.
KVK has mend for centre of extension with definite role in “Transfer of Technology” while field extension is being carried out by the state departments and development departments of the district. Therefore, evaluation of “Transfer of Technology programme” is by and large very difficult. Every short of technology provided to the farmers are closely associated and dependent on other conditions also. On the other hand the process of change is also very slow and complex. Thus, any impact received from the field reflected in totality not in isolation. Similarly, the impact of technologies in combination with training, demonstration and trials become more effective and strong than as single activity. However, attempt has been made to find out the direct and indirect impact of different programmes and activities of KVK on farming community in general and an individual of the operational areas.
Crop production was the priority area of the district. The existing gaps between available technolgi9es and farmers practices of major cereals, pulses and oil crops have been identifies and action plan was developed accordingly.
Non-adoption of quality seed and latest varieties of crops, delayed planting / sowing of crops, use of imbalanced dose of fertilizers, non adoption of plant protection measures, poor communication and untimely supply of inputs etc. Were some of the major problems. Since its beginning, KVK has emphasized on use of HYV of crops, timely planting / sowing, use of quality seeds, optimum dose of fertilizers and its proper placement and use of preventive and protective measures against insects, pests and diseases under ”Lab to Land programme”. The impact of these activities have improved the productivity as well as awareness among the farm fami9lies. The major impacts recorded so for is
Horticulture is another enterprise which has great potential for utilizing of cultivable waste land diversification towards high value crops for getting maximum return by using optimum resources available with the farmers. The majority of horticultural crops grown are vegetables and fruits crops. In both the areas of horticultural crops, availability of qu7ality seeds and seedlings of vegetables and plant protection measures, imbalanced dose of fertilizers etc. The efforts made by KVK through training, demonstration and other supporting activitiehav emade a positive impact on adoption of technoloiges in horticultural crops.
Introduction of seeds of high yielding varieties and seedlings of vegetable crops round the year is one of the major activity under taken by the KVK since its inception. The varieties developed by different institutions as well as introduced by the farmers were collected, tested, multiplied and supplied to the growers in time. A series of HYV of tomato, potato, brinjals, chilies, bulbs and cole crops, cucurbits, root crops and leafy vegetables etc. Were most accepted by the farmers due to high yielding ability as compared to local vareties. Due to change in varieties, farmers were harvested 30%-35% more yield and earn 20%-25 more income by following improved and latest technologies like adoption of optimum plant population, soil and sedd treatments, optimum dose of fertilizers and their placement and suitable plant protection measures. The villages where intensified efforts were made are Amhat(1978-79), Mirdaspur (1980-82)m Narbahanpur and seur (1983-84), Gairikpur and Bansi(1981-85), Ishakpur (1985-86), Saraiya (1995-96) and Bhadav (1996-98).
Since inception of KVK, it has been realized that there are immense scope and opportunity for development of sub-tropical and dry land fruit crops in the district. The soil and climatic conditions are very much congenial for promotion of fruiot crops like aonla, guava, mango, citrus, jackfruit, ber etc. Cultivation of majgo was promoted in cultivable land by adopting improved package of practices, whereas, aonla, guava, citruis, jackfruit and ber was promoted in cultivable wasteland.
In the beginning inspite of conducting training programmes on layout and planting techniques, management of old orchards, plant protection measures against mango hoppers, mealy bugs, stem borer, bark eating caterpillers, powdery mildes, citrus canker, etc. Of the respective fruit crops and application of manures and fertilizers, KVK has also arranged the supply of quality saplings to the farmers. The rural youths habe been trained for plant propagation techniques and nursery management under TRYSEM scheme for generating self employment. More that 30% of the rural youths, trained for mali work were employed in different organizations, where as, 10% established their own nursery fand earning an additional income of Rs. 20,000 per annum from the sale of fruit saplings and vegetable seedlings.
Flower cultivation was almost nil in the district. The KVK has introduced some indoor plants, flowering bushes and seasonal flowers in the year 1978-79. The effect of land scaping at head quarter has attracted the people towards ornamental gardening. Therefore, the demand for ornamental plants are increasing every year. At present, KVK is earning Rs. 15,000 to 20,000 per annum from the sale of ornamental saplings and seedlings against nil in 1977 to 1979. With the increasing demand of flowers, several rural youth are motivated for flower cultivation. Due to pressing demand for flowers and ornamental plants in the district, the KVK is looking ahead for converting it as commercial enterprise for better earning to the rural youth.
Live-stock is one of the most important occupation specially among the small and marginal farmers and landless families of the district. It enables to get and additional income and livelihood to a great extent. The practicing farm women are more concern about this enterprise therefore, prefence was given to farm women for improving the productivity by providing technical know-how through training and demonstration. Apart from it, KVK has also facilitated supply of improved breed of milch animals, poultry chicks and goats to the farm families by organizing animal fair at head quarter, since 1978. The landless families were promoted for goat keeping, backyard poultry alone or in combination depending on the requirement of the families. The goat keeping was intensified in village Kharagpur, Narbahanpur, Pindoria, seur, Balampur, whereas, goat keeping and backyard poultry was intensified in village Tiari and Saffulaganj, Breed improvement of non descript cows and goats have been also initiated since 1984-85 by providing improved bulls and bucks of barbari goats in nine villages. In support of the primary needs, KVK has also promoted green fodder production by arranging quality seed of different fodder crops, health care and feeding management by organizing health and fertility camps in the adopted villages. As result of this in a span of two decades there are lot of positive impact specially ion respect of adoption of cross bred cows and graded murrah bufalloes, increase in link production and annual income. It also helps a lot in fertility improvement of soils by adding organic manures. As regards with the poultry, it has been observed that commercial poultry farming was not proved to be successful due to high cost and poor quality of feed and chick, and occurrence of epidemic diseases, therefore, emphasis was given only on backyard poultry by improving the small poultry house and supply of medicines and chicks.
Sri Dhautali, resident of village Narbahanpur block-bhader was adopted under “Lab to Land programme” for goat keeping. He has been provided one barbari goat in 1988. The livelihood of the family was mainly depended on share cropping and wages. During a period of eight years the total number of heard reaches up to 32 which includes 21 adult goats, 5 adult bucks, one adult buck for breeding and five kids of one month. As for as earning is concern, he is getting on an average Rs. 1,800to 2,500.00per year an additional income from sale of bucks, however, he avoid the sale of goats. At present the value of herd is about Rs. 25,000/-. Apart from it, he is also providing services to the other goat keepers of village and villages of surrounding areas.
Fish culture was not a prevailing enterprise in the district and counted number of organized fish ponds were available for rearing of Indian major carps up to mid 70,s.KVK has started its fisheries unit in the year 1980-81 and emphasizes on composite fish culture rather than rearing of Indian carps only. In the beginning need based training courses of 2 to 12 days have been organized both at “off-campus” and” on – campus.” The technologies related to composite fish culture were also demonstrated under “Lab to Land programme” in selected villages viz. Bhain, Tihra, Meharban ka purwa Mahilo Asapur and Balramau etc. The farmers of these villages were harvested 2,500 to 3,000 kg. fishes per ha. Per year with a net income of Rs 18,000 to 25,000 per ha per year. Encouraged with the results, other farmers and rural youth have taken keen interest in fish rearing and processing for getting old ponds on lease which are mainly under the ownership of village panchayats, In the mean time, KVK has also introduces exotic carps like. Common carp, silver carp and grass carp in the district. Now the composite fish culture is becoming popular among the farmers to get maximum return instead of rearing Indian carps only. With the wide range adoption of fish culture in the district, the demand for fingerlings have been increased many folds. During the year 1998 about 125.55 lacs fingerlings of Indian and exotic carps were stocked against 20 lacs fingerlings in the year 1985-86. During year 1986-2015 numbers goes to 325 lacs.
Increasing number of diesel pumpsets, threshers, trollies, increasing demand of grills and other agricultural implements has increases the potential and possibility of employment at local level in rural areas. In view of the above, KVK has assessed the needs and conducted long duration courses on engine and pumpsets repair and welding works for rural youths to generate self employment. During the perid of 1982-97, 864 rural youth have been trained in different trades. These trained youth are either engaged with different workshops and organizations on payment of Rs. 2,500 to 3,000 per month or established their own workshop.
For example, Sri Ram Kalap Maurya resident of village Itwa , p.o. Babhangava, block- Dhanpatganj have got training in welding trade in the year 1987. After training he worked in different workshops on payment basis and saved Rs 42,000/-from the savings he has purchased one lathe machine, one welding machine, drill, grinder, sheet cutter etc. and established his own workshop in hired room @ Rs 300/- per month at chaure bazaar in the year 1992. In the mean time he has purchased a piece of land and constructed his own workshop by investing Rs 1.02 lacs. Thus, over a period of 15 years he has developed an asset of Rs 10.0 lacs without any aid from outside. At present he is earning Rs 25-35k per month. Apart from it he has also trained more than 95 rural youth of the neighboring areas. Many of them has established their own workshop in the local markets.
Women folk of working groups in the rural areas have been played a major role in agricultural production. Therefore, due importance was given for transferring of farm technologies in respect of crop production, vegetable production, post harvest technologies, dairy, backyard poultry and goat rearing, whereas, rural youth were mainly attracted towards tailoring, embroidery, knitting, rural handicrafts etc. In the beginning, women were hesitating to attend the training programme at KVK, therefore off campus trainings were conducted in near by villages. With the popularization of training courses and development of training facilities, on – campus training courses were started since 1980. The long duration courses on tailoring and embroidery were conducted with the help of district administration under TRYSEM scheme. During the period of two decades,93 courses have been organized and 1,891 youth were trained. From the observation it has been found that 16.3% ex-trainees were running their own training centre on payment basis, whereas, 22.69% are serving as trainer in different organizations and earning Rs 1200 to 1500 per month. The rest 60.99% ex- trainees are doing their own job and earning an additional income of Rs 300-600 per month by stitching. Some of the trainees adopted subsidiary occupation like backyard poultry and goat keeping along with stitching. To quote few examples, Smt. Sabnoor Begum, Smt. Asbunisha, Smt. Rajia Begum, Smt. Umaitulnisha, Smt. Rajia Sultana etc. of village Tiari, block Kurebhar are getting an additional income of Rs 1600/- to 1900/- per month.
Apart from it, KVK has also promoted smokless chulha in the rural areas, specially with small and marginal families and landless agricultural labourers.
Several health and hygine programmes like health and immunization camps, child care etc. Have been organized in collaboration with the state health department in adopted villages. In the programmes special attention was given to pregnant and lactating mothers and children Under nutrition programme emphasis was given for nutrition gardening in the adopted villages to provide fresh vegetables and few fruits round the year for family members.
Out of several productive hazards, soil alkalinity, was one of the major problem in the district. The extent of sodic soils was estimated by 1.21 lacs ha out of which 44,000 ha was badly affected (9.5 to 10.5 pH range). Most of the affected areas were under the ownership of village panchayats which have been leased out to the landless families of the village, who have meager resources. High cost of reclamation, lack of physical and financial resources, unawareness, low level of knowledge and hesitant and resistant behavior against reclamation were some of the major constraints in reclamation and utilization. The vision and aim of the KVK was to manage such type of land by linking with different organizations/departments to transform the area by facilitating for technical, physical and financial resources. In this context, KVK has implemented and Operational Research project on alkali reclamation sponsored by Indian council of Agricultural Research, during the period of 1985-86 to 1991-92 with following objective
On the basis of above objectives, the activities have been performed through
The salt affected soils of the district was characterized by
The programme was implemented in collaboration with agriculture department and District Rural Development Agency, Sultanpur with active participation of farmers of the operational area. During the implementation, following components have been taken up on priority basis
The first priority was given to the crop production by the farmers followed by fruits and forestry plantation. The community land of operational area was covered under forest trees, whereas, low lying area and old ponds were developed for fish culture.
The majority of the farmers were of the view that sodic soils can not be reclaimed. Thus, the famers of the operational area were persuaded, motivated and mobilized through frequent meeting. The village leaders, block and village level functionaries as well as district authorities were also involved in the process. The technological efficacy of alkali reclamation has been successfully demonstrated and trials were conducted on their own fields to break their resistant behaviors during the period of 1985-1994 and 1,551 farmers of 23 villages have been benefitted by covering an area of 695 ha under crop production and 204 ha under fruit and forestry plantation.
The recommended technologies related to crop production and plantation have been also modified according to available resources of the area. The outcome of the experiences and feasible technologies were disseminated among larger group of farmers through training, organizing kisan mela and field days in the adopted villages.
With the collaboration of IFFCO Foundation and ASI India, HI TECH infrastructures have been developed in the district for quality production of vegetables, planting materials and proper marketing of vegetables.
|Crops||Name of Organisation||Farmers||Village||Name of Structure|
|1||National Horticulture Mission / IFFCO Foundation||Sri Surendra Singh||Nevada||Poly House – 100 m2, Net House – 1000 m2|
|Sri Jai Prakash||Bada Ganw||PPoly House – 100 m2, Net House – 1000 m2|
|2||Agri Business System, India (Sunehra India)||Sri Ashok Verma||Parashrampur||Net House – 200 m2, Drip System- 0.5 ac|
|Sri Virendra Singh||Koiripur||Net House – 200 m2|
|Sri Samsher Khan||Mahanpur||Poly House – 250 m2|
|Koiripur||Market Set along with Pool Chamber|
Kamla Nehru Memorial Trust was collaborated Dutch Government (Netherland) with Indo-Dutch Project under Kamla Nehru Krishi Vigyan Kendra for development of this region and rural youth / formers.